Cyber security spending in the coming year may not be recession-proof, but it's likely to be recession-resistant. Still, pressure remains on security leaders to prioritise technologies that generate the most bang for the buck. Forrester released a report to help organisations do just that.
"It's hard to assess what 2023 budgets will look like because most companies are in their budget planning for 2023 now, but I think most companies are taking a cautious approach," says Forrester Vice President and Research Director Merritt Maxim.
"There might be some growth or flat, with the potential that if there is a more significant downturn next year, then spot cuts may be necessary. For now, though, I don't see any immediate slashing of budgets in anticipation of macroeconomic conditions."
Firms under-spending on cloud security, over-spending on on-premises security
The report notes that one area where organisations may be under-spending is on cloud security. Given that 58 per cent of organisations will have moved their application portfolios to a public cloud in the next two years, it says, security teams, while spending a notable amount on cloud security, aren't spending enough given the percentage of workloads migrating to the cloud. They need to spend far more, it adds.
On the other side of the ledger, the report maintains that organisations may be spending too much on on-premises security-related items.
It found that when expenditures for maintenance, licensing, upgrades, and new investment are combined, on-premises spending is the largest expenditure in security budgets — 41 per cent for organisations that spend 20 per cent or less of their IT budgets on security; 38 per cent for those spending more than 20 per cent of their IT budgets on security.
"Even though there's interest in getting as much in the cloud as possible, it may not be practical for some kinds of data," explains Maxim, one of the authors of the report. "Certain on-premises tech may not have a suitable cloud equivalent, especially if it's a custom app, so a migration path may not exist. There may also be security risk concerns."
Spending shift to managed security services providers
The report also forecasts that migration to the cloud won't reduce spending on services by organisations. However, Forrester predicts that traditional spending on managed security services providers (MSSPs) to shift to new offerings and new providers that offer better outcomes.
"There's a broad and deep ecosystem of service providers that can support any range of cyber security capabilities, much more so than there were five years ago," says Maxim. "Organisations need to understand a service provider's capabilities, and to what extent they have serviced companies in their industry or of their size."
Cutting security awareness training won’t save in the long term
An area tempting for cuts by budget makers, the report notes, is security awareness and other kinds of training. It’s tempting to cut spending in these areas when the economic picture darkens, but it won’t save much compared with other expenditures, it contends, and it will exacerbate the skills shortage and sacrifice the ability to instill trust just when borderless, anywhere work organisations need it most.
"While humans may not be the primary culprit, they're certainly one of the lead culprits in why attacks are successful," Maxim observes.
"Anything you can do to improve the vigilance and resilience of your users is going to benefit you. Where companies may have gotten misled is that doing a 30-minute video that users review once a year and calling it security training is an effective approach. Security behaviour has to be embedded in the culture on an ongoing basis."