Slideshow: 20 years of Internet Down under

A brief look at the development of the Internet and its journey to Australia.

  • October 1st 1969– University of California and Stanford research institute establish a link between two nodes. The connection is dubbed the Advanced Research Projects Agency Network (ARPANET).
  • Mid 1970s– Australia connects to ARPANET via the Overseas Telecommunications Commission’s dial up service.
  • Mid 1970s onwards- Work done by Robert Elz at the University of Melbourne and Bob Kummerfeld and Piers Lauder at the University of Sydney leads to the creation of...
  • The Australian Computer Science network (ACSNET)

  • 1983- The Transmission Control Protocol (TCP) and the Internet Protocol (IP) are developed and the term “Internet” is created.
  • 1985 - Numerical IP addresses are replaced with domain-names to provide an easier way to remember network location-identifiers.
  • 23rd June 1989 - Oxford Falls Sydney and the University of Hawaii establish a satellite connection.
  • Early 1990s– Internet nodes worldwide, using text-based email, telnet, ftp and Usenet News already number in the millions.
  • October 1990- Tim Berners-Lee at the National Centre for Supercomputing Applications (NCSA) starts work on a hypertext Graphical User Interface (GUI) browser and editor. His name for the program is the “WorldWideWeb".
  • Early 1990’s/late 1980’s– DIALix, Pegasus and the Australian Academic Research Network (AARNet) all develop commercial Internet Service Providers in Australia (ISPs).
  • November 1993- NCSA’s Mosaic browser becomes available.
  • 1994 - Mosaic (a forerunner of Netscape) achieves a popularity that helps to contribute to massive internet growth.
  • July 1995 – The Australian Vice Chancellor’s Committee (AVCC) transfers its commercial customers, associated assets, and links to Telstra. Telstra has now acquired the entire infrastructure of what is considered ‘the Internet in Australia’ and creates what will eventually become Telstra Bigpond.
  • 1999– Retail ADSL launched in Australia.
  • 7 April 2009 – The Rudd Government announces the establishment of a new super fast National Broadband Network, the single largest nation building project in Australian history.
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