Google has sought to rebut criticism that it selectively enforces its 30 per cent mobile app store tax, demanding that the over 3 per cent of apps selling digital items without complying follow the rules within a year.
The change follows lawsuits by "Fortnite" video game maker Epic Games last month accusing Google and Apple Inc of anti-competitive conduct. Apps sold on the tech leaders' stores are required to use their payment systems so they can collect a portion of sales, which developers describe as a tax. The companies are defending the allegations.
App stores are a fast-growing business as sales of Google's search ads and Apple's iPhone flatten out.
Google said under 3 per cent of developers with apps on its Play store sold digital goods over the last 12 months, and nearly 97 per cent comply with its payment system policy.
Dating apps maker Match Group Inc is among the companies that have publicly said they do not pay Google's 30 per cent fee, which decreases to 15 per cent in subsequent years if it is for a subscription service.
Antitrust regulators in several countries are looking at the issue, including in South Korea, where several media apps anticipating Google's stricter enforcement preemptively complained to government officials recently.
Apps have said 30 per cent is excessive compared with the 2 per cent fees of typical credit card payments processors, while Apple and Google say the amount covers the security and marketing benefits their app stores provide.
New apps must use Google's payments tool for sales by Jan. 20, while existing apps have until Sept. 30, 2021.
Apps that shifted to selling digital items from physical goods and services because of the coronavirus pandemic may get additional time to comply, Google said. Apple said last week that a similar temporary reprieve extends through Dec. 31.
(Reporting by Paresh Dave; Editing by Aurora Ellis and Richard Chang)